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Ascertaining Requisite Metacognitive Elements of Input through the Exploration of Language Learners' Cognitive Characteristics

Author:

W. M. P. Y. B. Rathnayake

University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, LK
About W. M. P. Y. B.
Department of Languages
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Abstract

Cognitive theory emphasizes language learning as a conscious and reasoned thinking process involved in the use of deliberate learning strategies. Exploration of the cognitive characteristics of learner provides benchmarks  to dene metacognitive components required, thus easing the planning of input in an English as Second Language (ESL) classroom. In view of espousing deliberate learning strategies in input, this study identies due metacognitive components for ESL input upon diagnosing the cognitive characteristics of learners. The research questions include, what cognitive strategies learners do possess, what correlative natures are visible in cognitive strategies in learner possession, and which metacognitive components are to be espoused in ESL input. Proposing a questionnaire aligned with the taxonomy of metacognition, its viability for investigating prevalent learner cognitive/metacognitive characteristics is tested. The survey among 110 engineering undergraduates provides qualitative data about learner traits re ective of metacognitive behaviors. Responses were collected in a Likert scale corresponding to a dened metacognitive scale, and the cumulative means of the responses against each aspect of metacognition are stratied in a radar chart forming the learner portfolio of metacognitive strategy in use. Correlative tests are executed among prevailing cognitive traits seeking evidences for the unied nature of learner metacognitive behaviours. Results proved the prevalence of metacognitive strategies through evidences of learners' metacognitive feelings and judgements besides a proven correlation among planning, monitoring and control behaviors towards enabling metacognitive feelings/judgements. Precision of the diagnostic tool and the cohesive visibility of the metacognitive portfolio remain signicant results with opportunity for further research.
How to Cite: Rathnayake, W.M.P.Y.B., (2018). Ascertaining Requisite Metacognitive Elements of Input through the Exploration of Language Learners' Cognitive Characteristics. Sabaragamuwa University Journal. 16(1), pp.1–10. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/suslj.v16i1.7712
Published on 10 Sep 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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